Male Tree Swallows debate atop a nesting box, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

Male Tree Swallow in a field, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

Two Tree Swallows share space on a spring morning, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Tree Swallow calls above a field, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow sits on the edge of a nesting box, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Tree Swallow perches on a pole, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Tree Swallow perches on a branch, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Tree Swallow perches on a thin stick, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

Male (top) and female Tree Swallows on a nesting box, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Tree Swallow perches on a fence post, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow on a branch, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A ;female Tree Swallow visits a nesting box, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A Teee Swallow perches above a nesting box, Slate Run Metro Park, Canal Winchester, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow perches on a plant, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow calls while perched in East Harbor State Park, Lakeside Marblehead, Ohio.

Two male Tree Swallows share a perch, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow is backlit by the morning sun, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A baby Tree Swallow calls for food from a nesting box, Slate Run Metro Park, Canal Winchester, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow perches on a plant stem in Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow looks around from its perch, Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A female Tree Swallow feeds its baby in a nesting box in Slate Run Metro Park, Canal Winchester, Ohio.

Male Tree Swallow on a branch, Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge, Oak Harbor, Ohio.

A male Tree Swallow perches on a limb in Sharon Woods Metro Park, Westerville, Ohio.

A female Tree Swallow delivers a bug to a nesting box, Slate Run Metro Park, Canal Winchester, Ohio.

11.23/Tree Swallows

When it comes to wildlife photography, there’s one thing I look forward to every spring — besides warmer weather and longer periods of daylight, of course. It's the return of Tree Swallows to the fields of Central Ohio.

It’s a treat to watch Tree Swallows in flight. The birds are the ultimate aerialists as they conduct acrobatic flights to pursue and catch flying insects. They dip, dive, dart, turn, twist, climb and hover, often in rapid succession. To those watching who can’t see the tiny insect being pursued, the aerial maneuvers are hugely entertaining. For the birds, the maneuvers are necessary to survive. 

I’ve had Tree Swallows fly straight toward my face in pursuit of an insect, changing directions moments before what seemed to be an unavoidable collision. I’ve learned to stand my ground in those situations, trusting the bird to miss me.

Tree Swallows, especially the adult males, are distinctive. The males have blue-green feathers above and white below, trimmed with blackish flight feathers and a thin black eye mask. Adult females are duller with more brown in their upper parts.

Their name — Tree Swallow — comes from their preference of nesting sites in tree cavities and not from the bird’s usual habitat, which consists of open, treeless areas. Tree Swallows also use nesting boxes, if available. And that leads to conflicts with Eastern Bluebirds, another cavity dweller found in fields in Central Ohio in the spring.

I’ve watched ownership of a nesting box change hands multiple times within minutes. A bluebird will be standing on top, adopting a threatening pose whenever a Tree Swallow flies near. But eventually a swallow will be successful in its efforts to claim the box, chasing off the bluebird and replacing it on top of the box until a bluebird is successful in chasing away the swallow. The process is repeated many times each spring day.

That is why many parks in the area place two adjacent nesting boxes in fields. Bluebirds will not nest near another bluebird, so having adjacent nesting boxes increases the odds of bluebirds winning one and swallows claiming the other.

Their name — Tree Swallow — comes from their preference of nesting sites in tree cavities and not from the bird’s usual habitat, which consists of open, treeless areas. 

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